Waterfalls are a source of fascination for many people and are often a focal point in myths and legends. They are defined as a sudden unsupported drop of water into a stream or lake. Among the world's tallest waterfalls are Angel Falls in Venezuela, South America and Tugela Falls in South Africa. Niagara Falls in Canada is one of the world's largest. They are often sources of water power for cities. Waterfall crafts are excellent ways to teach children about these stunning natural wonders.
Look at pictures and photos of the world's waterfalls in books and online for inspiration. Set up a work area covered in newspaper. Crush recycled boxes to serve as rocks to support your waterfall. Glue them together in piles as you see fit and allow to air dry, using a heavy item to hold the rocks together if necessary.
Paint the rocks with brown and brownish-black paint. Use white paint as well if desired to create a more varied look and allow to air dry.
Cut blue and white construction paper into strips to create cascading water. Colour the white paper with greenish-blue and blue markers. Layer and overlap the strips to create your desired look and glue them over the rocks. Allow to dry.
Create a plunge pool by gluing leftover construction paper to the base of the craft. Mix equal parts water and glue to create a shiny glaze and brush over the cascading water and the pool but not the rocks.
Tear blue and white tissue paper into strips to create foam at the base of your waterfall and allow to dry. Use brown and green construction paper or other embellishments to create trees, shrubs or other desired decorations. Glue and allow to dry.
Print out a waterfall colouring page from kids' craft sites or draw your own picture of a waterfall base, like a large rock and surrounding shrubs. Use heavy construction paper to print out the picture or draw it on. Fold the picture in half and colour as desired.
Take out your zip-lock plastic bag and trim the excess plastic above the zipper part. Place your coloured waterfall picture inside the bag and seal it. Fold the bag so the waterfall faces the front of the bag.
Use a hole punch to make a hole through both sides of the bag where you would like the water to come out. Cut a bendable straw so the flexible part is centred. Also take this time to cut a small hole through the corner of a sandwich-size baggie, insert the straw through the hole and use tape to secure it. This baggie is how you will funnel water through to create the waterfall.
Insert the other end of the straw into the hole in your waterfall bag. Set up a tray to catch falling water if you are doing this project inside. Pour water into the small baggie and watch it flow through the waterfall. Dye water with blue food colouring if desired.
Additional ideas for waterfall crafts include waterfall cards, where decorated card squares are mounted onto a sliding strip with a tab that when pulled open resembles the leaves of a book.
Blue food colouring can stain, so use caution if operating the waterfall indoors.