Jewellery making is a popular and rewarding craft. Bracelets and necklaces are among the most popular adornments for jewellery makers to create. These types of jewellery generally require fastening components. Clasps are tools used to fasten jewellery. Clasps open, allowing to wearer to put on a piece of jewellery, and then close, keeping the jewellery secure on the neck or wrist. Several styles of clasps are used as jewellery fastening tools.
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Lobster clasps are among the most common and popular type of jewellery fastening tool. They are so named because they resemble the claw of a lobster. Strong and secure, they are ideal for heavy jewellery. These fasteners use a spring-loaded mechanism to stay closed. When opened, they attach to a jump ring on the opposite end of the necklace or bracelet.
Spring Ring Clasp
Like lobster clasps, spring ring clasps rely on the tension from a spring-loaded mechanism to stay securely closed. Once opened, they fit onto a jump ring attached to the opposite end of a necklace or bracelet. These versatile jewellery fasteners are generally round, but are also available in other shapes, including hearts.
Toggle clasps consist of two pieces: a T-bar and a second piece into which the T-bar fits, such as a ring. The ring must be sufficiently small that the T-bar cannot slip out of it with ease. Toggle clasps are ideal fasteners for necklaces. Some of these fasteners are so beautifully designed they are actually positioned to be the focal point of a necklace.
Magnetic clasps are just what they sound like: fasteners that attach because they are magnetised. The two portions of this type of clasp are drawn to each other and stick together because they are magnetic. This type of clasp is good for people who don't like to tinker with opening and closing delicate fasteners, or for people with arthritis in their fingers.
Hook and Eye Clasp
Simple, traditional, and easy to make with wire, hook and eye clasps consist of a single hook and an opening into which the hook can be slipped. Sometimes the opening, or "eye," is shaped like a small figure eight. Because a bit of gravity helps to keep these fasteners attached, they work best with heavier necklaces.
Tube Bar Clasp
Tube bar clasps are very secure. They consist of a pair of tubes: one is slotted and the other is grooved. The two tubes slide together, then lock into place. These jewellery fasteners also come magnetised, making them even more secure. They are also know as "slide lock clasps."
Box claps feature a "box" into which a folded lever is inserted. The box may be formed like a sphere, a square, or any other shape. The folded lever has a spring action. It must be squeezed to be fitted into the box, and squeezed to be pulled out of it.
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