In the midst of natural disasters, political strife and economic grief, many localities around the world rely on aid from other countries. This aid can be in the form of monetary aid, military aid and volunteer assistance. Providing aid to countries in need involves both advantages and disadvantages.
In response to natural disasters, military operations and other events beyond citizens' control, monetary and volunteer aid can be provided to help countries rebuild. Rebuilding often includes securing the infrastructure of current buildings and creating stronger buildings to withstand another natural disaster. Monetary aid can help provide resources such as building supplies and volunteer aid. Volunteers can provide the manpower needed to put these resources to use.
Smaller emerging nations that have been subject to tyrannical rule from neighbouring countries often need military aid to help secure their borders and protect their citizens. Although many of these countries have their own military, they often need the help of larger nations with more weapons at their disposal to hold off invading countries. The countries may be able to form an alliance that goes beyond just military protection and may extend to resource sharing and economic treaties.
Giving aid doesn't have to only happen when disaster strikes. In developing nations such as those in Africa, giving monetary aid and enlisting the help of volunteers from around the world provide education, clean drinking water, steady meals and building materials for homes and other necessities to help citizens of impoverished nations thrive and build up their country. These social programs provide a new way of life for these citizens and help to build a nation that can provide for its inhabitants. Ultimately, when a country can meet its citizens basic needs, the nation can become a competitor in the global marketplace.
Sometimes a country can become dependent on aid from other countries. If for some reason the donating country has to stop giving aid or give less of it, the country in need may not be able to support itself and its citizens and the country could be worse off than when it had started. For example, the dependent country may now have debts to pay if the aid was a loan or may need to account for deficits that the aid was once used to fill.
Disadvantage: Problems in Donating Country
Sometimes a donating country has problems of its own and may no longer be able to support giving aid to another country. These problems range from natural disasters to governmental changes and budget cuts. These situations, if not handled correctly, could create animosity between a donating country and a country that needs aid.