Bamboo, highly evolved grass, is used indoors for decoration and theme creation. Used in manufacturing furniture, paper and dinning sets, it grows up to 3 inches in one day under the best growing conditions. Consider several factors when growing bamboo in the home or office.
Temperate or Tropical Bamboo
Before choosing a bamboo plant to grow indoors, understand the difference between temperate and tropical bamboo. Tropical bamboo grows naturally in warm areas where there is little variation in the length of the day and temperature. These bamboo plants easily adjust to indoor growth. Temperate bamboo occurs naturally in areas with both warm and cold seasons. These plants go dormant during the cold season, loosing most of their leaves. It begins growing again when the warm season returns. During the dormant period, bamboo needs very little water and prefers temperatures between 7.22 and 15.5 degrees C.
Bamboo plants come in several different sizes. Choose the appropriate sized species for indoor growing. Small species include the pygmy bamboo and tiny fern. Pygmy bamboo (Pleioblastus pygmaeus var. distichus) grows to 6 inches high. The temperate Tiny Fern (Bambusa multiplex 'Tiny Fern') grows up to 3 feet tall. Medium-sized bamboo plants grow between 8 and 12 feet tall. Tall-growing species are generally not appropriate for indoor growth.
Complete Bamboo notes that most bamboo need six hours of sun everyday. The container should be large enough to provide ample room to grow. Wider, shorter containers that widen further at the top make growing and repotting easier. Bamboo plants suffer from over watering only use the recommended amount. Misting the plant with water everyday helps keep it humidified.
Pruning benefits bamboo plants grown indoors. Remove weak and droopy stems, or culms, at the plant's base. Pruning culms just above the section where stems branch off controls growth height. Top plants growing taller than the space allows. Cutting the culm just above the highest branch accomplishes this task.