Indiana Jones searched for the Ark of the Covenant in "Raiders of the Lost Ark," and children can learn about the Ark's historical significance in Sunday School. The Ark was made with acacia wood, with gold overlaid inside and out. Moses placed items inside it to help the Israelites remember God's mercy, laws and provision. Use the Biblical passages Exodus 25:10-16 and Hebrews 9:3-4 to introduce crafts about the Ark of the Covenant.
Colour, Cut and Paste
Give younger Sunday School students colouring sheets with a picture of the Ark of the Covenant. Talk about the Ark and what it looked like, before having them colour their pictures. If you print out the Ark of the Covenant on cardstock, the children can cut out the picture after they colour it, add a gold yarn tie to the top and hang it up. You can also print out the picture from the perspective of an open side. Print items that go into the Ark on another sheet of paper. Have the children colour the items and the Ark, cut out the items and glue them inside the Ark.
Write the Biblical passages for the Ark of the Covenant on the board and ask the Sunday School students to read the verses. Pair up the students and, based on the verses alone, have them draw the Ark of the Covenant from two perspectives---one outside, and one looking inside. Have them draw the items contained in the Ark---the tablets on which Moses wrote the Ten Commandments, a golden container of manna and Aaron's staff that miraculously produced buds. Show an artist's rendition of the Ark of the Covenant. Discuss how and why the picture is similar and how it differs from the students' renditions.
Make a Two-Dimensional Model
Print out the outline of the side of the Ark of the Covenant on cardstock for each child. If you don't have a printer available, use a template taken from a picture and draw the outline on the cardstock, providing one for each child in your Sunday School class. If you use craft sticks, paint them gold before class. You can also use brown and gold yarn, ribbon or narrow rope. Have students first colour the outline brown to simulate the wood underlay of the Ark of the Covenant. Then, using whatever you use for the gold overlay, have the Sunday School children create a representation of the Ark of the Covenant by gluing on the gold sticks or yarn. Have students add their names to their creation and hang in the classroom.
Make a Three-Dimensional Model
Using cardstock, form a box by folding up the edges and gluing or stapling edges together. Create a lid from another piece of cardstock. You can also start with a box such as a milk container or shoebox. Spray the boxes gold inside and out. Add filigree with markers to the top edges. Make representations of the items contained in the Ark of the Covenant. Print out the Ten Commandments on textured paper. Roll up in a scroll. Roll up golden paper for the golden container for the manna and use a twig for Aaron's rod. Draw and cut out angel figures from cardboard, and use gold glitter pens, crayons or markers to colour them. Glue the angels to the top of the box. Glue dowel rods, also coloured gold and cut to the proper length for the project, to the sides for the priests to carry the Ark.