Why Vacuum a Pond

Written by charles pearson
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Why Vacuum a Pond
Pond vacuums keep pond environments healthy. (by the pond image by Quennie Chua from Fotolia.com)

Pond vacuums operate under the same principals as traditional vacuum cleaners. However, the pond vacuum sucks materials out of the water. Gardeners use pond vacuums to remove debris so that they can maintain a mostly clear environment free from disease and crowding organisms. These vacuums are often easier to use than more manual cleaning tools. However, garden pond vacuums are more expensive than the next best option: the garden hose.

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Sediment Removal

Ponds can develop sediment on the bottom that feeds all sorts of organisms that are not good for the pond, such as algae. The sediment comes from excess fish food, fallen leaves and other elements from nature. You can regularly drain out your pond and vacuum it using a special wet/dry vacuum designed for ponds. Specialised vacuums clean out the pond the most efficiently.

Strain Off Filters

Filters remove debris from the pond, but they can get clogged by larger particles. Also, the dirtier the pond, the more energy that the filters must use to clean out the ponds. The skimmers can remove materials from the surface of the pond, but cannot remove decomposing materials underwater.

Muck Prevention

Since the materials become more muddy as they decompose, the best time to remove the large pieces of debris are in the spring when the fish start swimming higher in the pond so that the vacuum does not harm the fish. However, the fish are still vulnerable and you must make sure that you do not injure the fish during the cleaning process. However, you will want to vacuum before temperatures reach 15.6 degrees C or else the plants will start growing. The muck at the bottom of the pond can reduce the depth of the pond. With less depth, you cannot fit as many fish into the pond. Also, a lack of pond space can cause fish to breathe oxygen too quickly while releasing too much carbon dioxide.

Ease of Use

Vacuums are usually powered by electricity.. You can use an extension cord if the pond is far away from the home, but the longer the extension cord, the less power that the vacuum will have. Since you only need to use your pond vacuum cleaner once a year, you can rent the vacuum from a garden centre in the spring.

Other Benefits

You can also purchase special nozzles designed for sucking up algae, which is one way to remove algae blooms if you failed to keep the pond clear of sediment. Some gardeners use pond vacuums to remove water before winter, which prevents the water from freezing. This is not an ideal decision if the water contains living organisms.

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