When students create their science fair projects, they must be careful to ask the appropriate questions to create a thorough project and to be able to answer all of the judges' questions. A good science project is one that answers an important question. The most important thing to do with a science fair project is to make it stand out to the judges and impress them.
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The most important type of question that a student must ask for a science fair project is the research question. This question is the basis of the entire project. It asks the student to come to a conclusion based on research and experimentation. The results of the project will be the answer to this question. The research question should be one that cannot be answered easily without research or experimentation, yet it should not be so complicated that it is difficult to answer or difficult to display the answer.
The experimental question is asked by the student to determine the variables the student will use for her experiment. This experiment and its variables will be determined by the type of project the student is conducting. This question also elaborates upon the research question. For instance, if the student is dealing with the different strengths of magnets, her experimental question may address how different strengths are affected by the distance between the magnet and the metallic surface.
A testable question is one that asks the student "what if." These questions create the experiments that the student will need to complete in order to finish the entire project. Some experiments will require that the student include several different variables to determine if using different materials or methods will create different results in her project. These questions are best used in projects that address the effects of things that are likely to change, such as temperature, speed and energy.
While the student is working through his project, he will need to constantly be asking questions about different aspects of the project. Each day, he should ask how things have changed since the previous day. The student will need to ask himself why certain aspects of the project reacted the way that they did. An important aspect of a successful science fair project is answering how and why, as well as answering the research question. These questions should always be in the back of the student's mind while working through the entire project.
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