How to Get Rid of Wild Pigs

Written by olivia emisar
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How to Get Rid of Wild Pigs
Wild hogs are responsible for eradicating native animal species in Hawaii and can transmit diseases to farm pigs. (Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images)

Wild hogs are also referred to as feral pigs or wild pigs by local populations. Feral pigs are omnivorous, and they destroy landscapes, farmlands and will attack and eat small pets, newborn farm animals and wildlife. Wild pigs are a challenge to control, since they reproduce three times a year, producing litters that range from two to eight piglets at a time and result in as many as 12 to 18 piglets in less than two years per sow. The most useful technique to control the wild hog population is to hunt the 200- to 181kg. animals with specialised dogs and properly trained hunters to mitigate the danger to both dogs and humans.

Skill level:
Challenging

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Things you need

  • Traps
  • Fences
  • Hunting equipment

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Instructions

    Fences, Traps and Eradication

  1. 1

    Construct a sturdy fence, 5 feet tall or higher, of solid woods or stone material. This is the best way to keep wild hogs off your property, since wild hogs can't jump fences or pass through small openings. While fencing a property is costly, it has been a successful approach to prevent further degradation of the land and ecosystem in the state of Hawaii and parts of California. Depending on the topography and the vegetation in the area, fencing may not be feasible or allowed by law.

    How to Get Rid of Wild Pigs
    Highly trained dogs and hunters are a necessity in highly infested areas. (Jupiterimages/liquidlibrary/Getty Images)
  2. 2

    Trap the pigs. Use sturdy traps that resemble a giant box made out of wire mesh or chicken wire fencing with sturdy iron framing and a remote trigger to shut the door at a safe distance. These traps will only hold one or two wild pigs at a time.

  3. 3

    Kill the animals by shooting them or haul them away to slaughter. Most states with a high wild hog population encourage residents to hunt and kill as many hogs as possible by joining forces with their neighbours. Florida and Texas have the largest wild hog population in the United States, but it is estimated that farmland in middle America will soon become a haven for these highly intelligent animals who are adept at finding new food sources and avoid human's hunting grounds.

  4. 4

    Acquire a much larger trap to catch a large portion of an infesting colony; it may have to be constructed from scratch or ordered online. Refill the traps daily for several weeks with the appropriate bait in the form of fruit, corn, vegetables, nuts, eggs, and even dog food or livestock feed to allow the pigs to become comfortable with the location as a consistent source for night feedings. Once the animals are inside the structure, close the trap door and proceed with eradication.

Tips and warnings

  • Consult with the animal control department in you area for assistance.
  • Know what your state is doing to reduce the wild hog population in your area and volunteer to assist and learn facts and implementing techniques.
  • Hunting wild hogs is dangerous to humans and hunting dogs; hire professionals to eradicate feral pigs from your property.
  • Keep small pets and children away from areas frequented by wild hogs; they will attack and cause fatally injury.
  • Check traps daily and do not starve an animal to death; it is not only cruel and against the law, but it can spread disease to other wildlife.

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