You can purchase or make your own artificial flowers out of silk or other fabrics such as polyester. To achieve a lifelike flower in the colour you prefer, you can dye the material. For example, if you make artificial chrysanthemums, tulips or delphiniums, you can dye the flowers royal blue. The process for dyeing silk and polyester differ in several ways.
Mix 29.6ml of royal blue acid dye into 113gr of tap water. Mix 227gr of denatured alcohol into the acid dye and water solution. You can play with the ratios to get the exact colour you want. The more water and denatured alcohol you add to the dye, the lighter the dye will be on the first application. This gives you the ability to add additional coats to build your colour to a darker colour.
Remove the stem from the flower. In most cases, the stem will pop off. If the stem is not removable, melt candle wax and place the wax around the base of the stem where it comes out of the flower.
Dip the flower into the dye. Allow the flower to rest in the dye for a period of 1 minute and the pull the flower out of the dye.
Place a plate onto a towel. Make sure the edges of the towel are wider than the plate.
Place the flower of the plate so the flower can hang off the plate. This prevents dye from pooling on one side of the flower. Allow 24 hours of drying time.
Dip the flowers a second time to make the dye darker. Repeat the process until you achieve the correct colour.
Place a pot of water onto the stove and heat it to 60 degrees Celsius. Place 1/2 cup of soda ash per 1 cup of water in the pot. Add 1/2 tsp. Synthrapol per gallon of water.
Submerge the fabric into the solution for 15 minutes.
Remove the fabric from the solution and thoroughly rinse it off in tap water.
Boil 1 cup water and add in the royal blue dye. For a pale blue, add 1/2 tsp dye. For a medium shade, add 1-1/2 tsp and for a dark shade, add 3 teaspoons. Allow the solution time to cool off.
Mix 2 tbsp urea, 2 tbsp pickling salt and 2 tsp dye into a container. Add 2 cups boiling water. Mix everything together.
Place the solution in a sealable plastic bag.
Put the fabric into the plastic bag and seal it. Squish the fabric around in the solution to ensure you cover the entire fabric in the dye. Allow 12 to 24 hours curing time. While curing, keep the solution in a room at approximately 21.1 degrees Celsius.
Remove the fabric from the plastic bag and rinse it in the sink until the water that flows from the fabric no longer has royal blue in it.
Clean the fabric in Dyers soap such as T.N.A. or Synthrapol. You can also use a mild dish soap.
Dry the fabric in your clothes dryer for 30 minutes.
Due to the fact you must submerge the fabric into the dye for long periods of time, it is best that you dye the fabric before you actually create the flower.
Working with dyes and other chemicals gives off noxious odours. it is important that you work in an area with ventilation. In addition, wear rubber gloves to protect yourself from chemicals and dye.
Tips and warnings
- Due to the fact you must submerge the fabric into the dye for long periods of time, it is best that you dye the fabric before you actually create the flower.
- Working with dyes and other chemicals gives off noxious odours. it is important that you work in an area with ventilation. In addition, wear rubber gloves to protect yourself from chemicals and dye.