Mussels are shellfish that must remain alive until just before you consume them. When the mussels die, the meat breaks down and allows harmful bacteria to grow. Since you cannot freeze live mussels, the shellfish needs to be cooked thoroughly before preserving. Mussels are prepared using a variety of methods, such as smoking, boiling, steaming and grilling. Freeze the mussels once you finish preparing them to ensure that they remain of the highest quality.
- Skill level:
- Moderately Easy
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Things you need
- Freezer container with lid
Cook the mussels using a method of your choice. Remove the prepared mussels from their shells. Open the shell and slide a knife between the shell and mussel to remove it. Discard the shells.
Place the mussels in a freezer container. Cover the mussels with the broth that you cooked them in to keep the mussels moist. The broth also retains the flavour.
Place the lid on the container securely. Store the cooked mussels in the freezer.
Consume the mussels within 3 months for best results.
Tips and warnings
- Store live mussels in a bowl covered with a damp washcloth. Place the shellfish in the refrigerator. Prepare the live mussels within 2 to 3 days.
- Tap on the mussel shells if they are open. Live mussels will close their shells. Discard any mussel shells that stay open.
- Never store live mussels in airtight containers or bags.
- Always wash your hands before and after handling raw mussels to prevent a food-borne illness.
- Always scrub the mussel shells and clean them with running water to remove the dirt and debris.
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- University of Arkansas; Safe Handling and Preparation of Fish and Shellfish Products; Denise Brochetti; February 2009
- Texas A&M; University; Keeping Seafood Safe at Home; Annette Rendell Hegen
- University of Nebraska-Lincoln; Store It, Don't Ignore It!; Alice Henneman, et al.
- Seafood From Norway; How to Freeze Mussels; October 2005
- Still Tasty: How Long Can You Keep Mussels