During middle school, many students are required to take and pass standardised tests in both English and math. Among the English skills middle school students must learn is prepositions. Teaching prepositions requires a teacher to understand the proper usage and the different words in prepositions and prepositional phrases.
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- Children's book with prepositions
Explain prepositions and prepositional phrases to the class. Tell the students that a preposition is a connecting word that gives information such as time, location, space or direction. It is a relationship word to determine where, when or what time. For example, the word "over" in the sentence "The cow jumped over the moon."
Read a children's book with several prepositions and prepositional phrases to the class. For example, read "Rosie's Walk" by Pat Hutchins or "Behind the Mask" by Ruth Heller. These books are full of prepositions that help students understand how the prepositions are used. Though they are children's books, they are useful in teaching middle school students because the prepositions are clearly stated.
Ask the students to pick out the prepositions in the book. Write the prepositions or prepositional phrases on the board as students state the information out loud.
Discuss the book as a class. Class discussions help students form their own opinions about how the prepositions are used and how the words are described.
Go over the proper usage of prepositions in writing, using the book as an example. Allow students to ask questions for clarification as needed.
Assign the students a writing project on prepositions. For example, assign a prepositional poem or a short written story in a similar format to the book used. Students can work creatively with the guideline of using prepositions and phrases.
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