The Bolivian fuchsia, or Fuchsia boliviana, is a seldom-seen shrub that blooms all year. Native to the Andes Mountains, it can grow to 15 feet tall under optimal circumstances. The prolific 4-inch-long flowers of the Alba variety are trumpet-shaped, white and red, and hang in clusters. After flowers fade, they form an edible fruit. Although it comes from a mountainous region, it cannot tolerate freezing temperatures. The Bolivian fuchsia also cannot tolerate hot weather. It likes humidity and dappled sunlight but can perform well under proper conditions and with a little care.
Plant fuchsia boliviana with quality potting soil in a large pot with a drainage hole to give its roots plenty of room, which will allow it to grow tall. Keep the potted fuchsia under a tree or arbor to give it dappled or partial sunlight.
Plant fuchsia boliviana in a garden in areas where winters are mild and frosts are rare. Grow in a partly shaded area. Create a planting medium by combining 1 part organic compost with 4 parts potting soil.
Prune potted or garden-grown plants to maintain a shape and size appropriate for their habitats. After they finish annual summer blooming, prune them to about 6 inches tall to encourage new growth and prolific blooming the next year.
Water your fuchsia twice each week by soaking the soil thoroughly and keeping it constantly moist. Fertilise with a low nitrogen or "blossom booster" plant food once a month from spring through midsummer, following package instructions for correct mixing and application.
Move potted Fuchsia boliviana plants indoors in the fall to protect them from frost, or build a frost shelter over garden-grown plants.
This plant does not often become the victim of the fuchsia mite, an insect that can be harmful to other fuchsia species. Pollinate indoor plants with a paintbrush if you want them to produce edible fruit.