How to Use a Table Top Weaving Loom

Written by michael roberts
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How to Use a Table Top Weaving Loom
Table top looms let you get creative with fabrics. (Hemera Technologies/ Images)

Table top looms are simple weaving tools that allow beginner weavers to learn basics, and provide advanced weavers the flexibility to experiment. They are less expensive and easier to operate than their more cumbersome full-sized counterparts. They retain many features that aren't found in the more simpler frame looms, such as heddles. With a table top loom at home, it's easy to create your own fabrics in the patterns and colours that you choose.

Skill level:
Moderately Easy

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Things you need

  • Table top loom
  • Warping board
  • Shuttle
  • Threading hook
  • Reed hook

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    Loading the warp

  1. 1

    Wind yarn around pegs on warping board. Each wind around the board corresponds to a thread count in your finial fabric, so wind accordingly. Tie off yarn with spare thread every 6 inches.

  2. 2

    Remove yarn from warping board and wind it onto the warping beam at the rear of the loom, untying the spare thread as you wind. Leave unwound yarn about the length of the loom, and drape it over the back beam.

  3. 3

    Thread each strand of yarn through the eye hole of the heddle, using the threading hook. Heddles are the wires that hang from the shafts in the middle of the table loom. Alternate the shaft that each thread gets thread through.

  4. 4

    Pull each strand through the reed with the reed hook. The reed is the group of slats attached to the movable bar at the front called the beater. Tie each strand off at the head beam.

  5. 5

    Lift the lever of shaft one. This will create two layers of yarn, with a triangular tunnel between.

    Starting to weave

  1. 1

    Secure bobbin of yarn on the shuttle's pegs. Unwind enough yarn from the bobbin to cover the length of the weave and send the shuttle through the triangular tunnel and out the other side.

  2. 2

    Lower the lever of shaft one and raise the lever of shaft two. Pull the beater beam toward you until it meets the head beam. The reeds will push the horizontal (weft) yarn tightly against the head beam.

  3. 3

    Send the shuttle through in the opposite direction. Pull the beater beam toward the head beam again.

  4. 4

    Wind the shuttle back and forth, each time switching the raised shaft lever. Pull the beater beam forward after every pass.

  5. 5

    Detach finished cloth first from the warp beam and pull the excess thread through the loom. Trim the excess thread.

Tips and warnings

  • Create patterns in cloth by alternating thread colour in the warp and weft.

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