Xubuntu is a version of Ubuntu, which is a Linux-based operating system. The main difference between Ubuntu and Xubuntu is the graphical desktop environment they use. Ubuntu uses the Gnome desktop and Xubuntu uses Xfce. Setting up a server for these distros can be a simple or complex task, depending on your needs and wishes. The following instructions will show you how to set up a simple home server that you can access from the Internet. These instructions will assume that you do not have Xubuntu already installed.
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Insert the CD/DVD with Ubuntu Server into your optical drive and restart your computer. The computer will boot into the install environment.
Follow the prompts to install Ubuntu Server on your hard drive. At one point you will be asked to choose a password. Make sure that you remember the password that you choose!
Reboot your computer if necessary.
Enter your password when prompted. This opens, and leaves you at, the raw terminal. Note that there are no graphics at this time.
At the terminal prompt type "sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list" without the quotation marks. You may be asked for your password again. This will open a file called "sources.list."
Scroll or cursor down until you see a couple of lines ending with the word "Universe." There will be hashmarks (#) in front of these lines.
Delete the hashmarks from the lines referring to "Universe." This will enable the Universe Repository of software.
Type "Ctrl-X" and hit "Y" (for yes) when asked if you want to save.
Type "sudo apt-get update"
This will update your repositories
Wait for the prompt.
Type "sudo apt-get upgrade" after the prompt reappears.
This will upgrade your repositories if necessary.
Wait for the prompt again.
Type "sudo apt-get install xubuntu-desktop"
This will install the Xfce graphical desktop for Xubuntu.
Reboot your computer. Once you login with your password, you should be at the Xubuntu desktop.
Click "System," then "Preferences," then "Remote Desktop."
Click the "Allow other users to control your desktop" box.
Choose a password that is sufficient for your security needs.
Note the IP address that is assigned to your computer.
Connect to the Internet on a remote computer. Click "Applications," then "Accessories," then "Terminal" from a Xubuntu desktop. This does not need to be a Xubuntu computer. Other versions of Ubuntu will work as well.
Type "vncviewer" then the IP address of your server, then press "Enter." You will be prompted for a password.
Enter your server password and press enter. You will now be connected to your Xubuntu server.
Tips and warnings
- The most current versions of the Ubuntu family are 10.04 LTS (Lucid Lynx) and 10.10 (Marvelous Meerkat). 10.10 is the most current stable release and 10.04 is the "long term support" release.
- Xubuntu does not have a server edition under its own name. Since the only real difference between Xubuntu and Ubuntu is the desktop environment, you are installing Ubuntu Server and instructing your computer to use Xubuntu's native desktop. This is because Ubuntu Server has no graphical interface and would normally operate only in terminal mode.
- Be sure that you have configured your computer to be able to boot from its optical drive. This is done through the BIOS settings for your machine.
- Choose a secure and strong password to access your server remotely. Anyone who knows your password will be able to access your server.
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