The American Heritage Dictionary at Dictionary.com defines a wall hanging as any flat, decorative item hung onto a wall. This includes items like tapestries, old maps, rugs, wall art and quilts. In cottage-themed homes, the quilt wall hanging is a common choice for a wall hanger. Making a wall hanger from a few quilt blocks requires the same basic sewing skills used in quilting and fits well in homes decorated in rustic, cottage, country and primitive themes. A simple quilt pattern and a few blocks for your wall hanger within one day to complete and ready for hanging on your wall.
Choose at least two different types of cotton material with which to make your wall hanging. You may choose solid colours or patterns. If you want to place the wall hanging in a particular room of the home, choose colours or themes for the material that match the room.
Choose a quilt pattern to use for your wall hanging. An experienced quilter should have no trouble making a quilted wall hanging from any quilt pattern, though an inexperienced quilter should begin with a simple quilting pattern such as the nine-patch quilt block. A nine-patch quilt block consists of three squares horizontally and three squares vertically to produce a block with nine total squares.
Iron the material to prevent wrinkles from messing up your cutting lines. Use a tape measure and fabric pencil to draw cutting lines onto the material for the pieces necessary to construct the quilt blocks. You may also make your cutting lines by tracing a piece of cardboard cut with a utility knife into the same shape as the material pieces you need. Cut the pieces out with a pair of fabric scissors or a rotary fabric cutter.
Pin the fabric pieces together with safety pins. Pin each piece so that the front, patterned side of the fabric pieces face. Place the safety pins 1/2 inch from the edges of the fabric to allow for a 1/4-inch seam. Make sure you pin the pieces together according to the quilt block pattern directions. Remove the safety pins as you sew.
Sew the pieces together using a sewing machine or by hand with needle and thread. If you work by hand, try to make the stitches even in size and equally spaced. Pin the sewn together pieces to more pieces and continue to sew until you complete a complete quilt block. Repeat to create all the necessary blocks you need for your wall hanging. Remember your wall hanging will be smaller than a quilt; a nine-block square creates a common size for wall hangers.
Sew the quilt blocks together by first pinning the blocks together with safety pins, leaving room again for a seam. Measure the quilt top once you have finished piecing the top together. Cut a piece of quilt batting measuring the same width and length as the quilt top and a piece of quilt backing measuring two inches longer and wider than the quilt top.
Pin the quilt batting between the wall hanger quilt top and the quilt backing. Align the quilt backing so that an extra inch hangs over on all sides. Sew stitches around the blocks of the quilt to hold the three layers together. Remove the safety pins as you work.
Tuck the extra quilt backing over the quilt top and underneath itself. Sew a seam around the folded quilt backing to produce a hem around the edge of the material and cover the rough edges of the wall hanging.
Sew loops of fabric onto the top of the wall hanger to use for hanging the quilted piece to the wall.