How to Install Brick Flooring

Written by michael kay
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How to Install Brick Flooring
Brick floors can be placed in a variety of patterns. (brick pattern image by Kirubeshwaran from

If you are tired of seeing the same old flooring options over and over again, it may be time to try something new---by choosing something very old. Paving your floors with brick flooring tiles is an old way to get a new look and feel for your space. The variety of modern brick flooring options and patterns means you can find a look that will easily fit your decor It's also a durable option, so you'll enjoy the fruits of your labour for years.

Skill level:
Moderately Challenging

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Things you need

  • Tile mortar
  • Mortar trowel
  • Gloves
  • Brick tile spacers
  • Rubber mallet
  • Level
  • Pencil
  • Measuring tape
  • Brick-cutting tools
  • Masonry baker's bag
  • Plastic grout smoother
  • Brick flooring sealant

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    Prepare the Floor and Place Whole Bricks

  1. 1

    Clear the area of any furniture and other items and dust and clean the surface thoroughly.

  2. 2

    Prepare enough mortar to last about 30 minutes, following the directions on the package.

  3. 3

    Scoop mortar onto the corner where you will start working, using a trowel---enough for a couple bricks. Spread it into an even layer, using the straight side of the trowel.

  4. 4

    Run the notched edge of the trowel over the mortar at a consistent force and angle in an irregular pattern. This will provide a rough surface for the brick to adhere better.

  5. 5

    Place the first full brick (any bricks that need to be cut will be done the next day) onto the mortar, pushing and twisting lightly to make certain the bricks adhere properly. Wear gloves to protect your hands from the rough brick edges.

  6. 6

    Place brick spacers in between each brick to ensure an even space between each brick. Two spacers should be placed an equal distance apart at each brick edge. Continue placing all of the whole bricks in this fashion until the floor is covered.

  7. 7

    Pound any brick edges that are sticking up, using the rubber mallet. Pry up any bricks that are sunk too low and add a bit more mortar underneath to raise them up. Continue pounding with the rubber mallet and adding more mortar until the floor is completely level, using a bubble level to be certain.

  8. 8

    Scoop out any mortar that has squeezed up in between the bricks, using a finger or pencil. Wait a day for these bricks to dry and set in place.

    Place Edge Bricks, Grout and Seal

  1. 1

    Measure the floor corners and edges, using a measuring tape, and cut bricks to fit these areas according to the manufacturer's instructions. Different brick products require different cutting tools, some made by the brick manufacturer.

  2. 2

    Lay the edge bricks in the same fashion as the whole bricks, mortaring and spacing, until the entire floor is finished. Wait a day for the edge bricks to dry and set in place.

  3. 3

    Prepare enough mortar to fill the masonry baker's bag. Fill the bag with the mortar.

  4. 4

    Squirt an even amount of mortar between the bricks, taking care not to get the mortar on the bricks.

  5. 5

    Run the grout smoother evenly between the bricks to smooth the mortar, taking care to scoop out and discard any excess to ensure it does not get on the bricks. Allow the floor to dry for one day.

  6. 6

    Seal the floor with the sealant of your choice. A sealant that coats the surface of the brick will make it easy to clean and minimise dirt and stray pieces, while a sealant that soaks into the brick is less likely to alter the colour of the brick.

Tips and warnings

  • Make certain your flooring structure is capable of holding the weight of the bricks.
  • Brick flooring should be installed directly on backerboard or cement flooring.
  • Your mortar has the right amount of water if the lines from the notched side of the trowel are even and don't run together.
  • Take care not to get mortar on the bricks, as it is difficult to remove.

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