Propagating camellia plants can be accomplished in many ways, but the easiest way is by employing the rooting method. The key to successful rooting includes factors such as temperature, humidity and the time of year. Propagating a camellia plant by rooting can take up to three months, but you will have a healthy specimen for your garden the next spring after the process has successfully completed.
Mix equal parts course sand and peat moss. Place half of the mixture in a 4-inch-diameter container that has drainage holes. Saturate the soil with water. Add the remaining mixture to within 1 inch from the top of the container. Repeat the watering. Poke a pencil into the growing medium to make a 2-inch-deep hole.
Cut a 4-inch-long stem from the camellia, using pruning shears, between May and August. The stem must have growth nodes and at least two to four leaves. Make the cut at a 45-degree angle in the base of the stem.
Open the rooting hormone. Stick the bottom 2 inches of the stem into the hormone. Tap off any excess powder.
Place the stem in the hole in the medium. Move the medium around the stem and press into place with your fingers to keep the stem standing upright.
Place a plastic bag over the plant, but don't let the bag touch the stem. Leave about 3 to 4 inches between the top of the stem and the bag for air circulation. Place the container under a fluorescent light that will shine for eight hours a day in a room with temperatures between 18.3 and 23.9 degrees Celsius. Keep soil moist but not soggy.
As the stem starts to grow and shows signs of new growth, remove it from the small container and plant in a 6- to 8-inch-diameter container with the same medium that was used for rooting. In the spring, transplant new camellia rooting to the garden.