Haemorrhoids are inflamed, swollen veins in the lower rectum and the anus. An internal haemorrhoid pushed out of the anus is called a "prolapsed haemorrhoid." Blood can pool in a prolapsed haemorrhoid, hardening into a clot, or thrombus. This is called a "thrombosed external haemorrhoid." There are two matters that need addressing: the irritation and the swelling. Getting rid of the former does not necessarily mean getting rid of the latter. A highly effective home remedy for making the haemorrhoid disappear is simply regular, hot baths.
- Skill level:
Things you need
- Sitz bath
- Cloths soaked in witch hazel
- Blow-up, ring-shaped seat cushion
Use a warm sitz bath (which is fitted over the toilet) or soak in a shallow, hot bath for 15 to 20 minutes, two to three times per day. Sit in a way to ensure the haemorrhoids make contact with the water; otherwise, the baths will not be effective. Purchase the sitz bath in a medical supply store. They are also available in some pharmacies.
Reduce irritation and friction. For example, use an ointment such as Rectinol, Anusol or Preparation H. Sit on pillows or a blow-up ring (available at chemists) to keep the weight distribution away from the haemorrhoids. Use disposable antiseptic cloths (some come soaked in witch hazel) instead of toilet paper. Soap is not necessary and may aggravate the problem.
See a doctor if the above does not make the haemorrhoid go away in two weeks. There are several options available to a doctor: an injection to cause shrinkage; a rubber band ligation, which works like a tourniquet but makes the haemorrhoid slough off; surgical removal; and impairing incoming flood flow using either a laser or infrared light.
Use a sitz bath or sit in a hot bath two to three times a day.
Reduce irritation with an ointment like Anusol or Preparation H, by sitting on pillows, and using disposable cloths soaked with witch hazel instead of toilet paper.
Take aspirin to reduce the clot and to reduce the pain. Discontinue if this increases external bleeding.
See a doctor if the above does not make the external haemorrhoid shrink to an internal haemorrhoid within two weeks. For a prolapsed (external) haemorrhoid, there are several options: an incision to remove any clot, shutting down incoming blood flow with laser or infrared coagulation, or surgical removal (hemorrhoidectomy).
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