External haemorrhoids occur when an extreme amount of pressure has been placed in the rectum, forcing too much blood into the veins; this causes them to stretch, bulge, and rupture. Once they begin to bulge, they affect the membranes that surround them, causing symptoms such as itching, burning, and pain. A wide variety of treatments are available to permanently rid one of haemorrhoids, ranging from simple home treatments to invasive surgery.
- Skill level:
Things you need
- Topical cream
- Sitz bath
- Laser procedure
Take a sitz bath. Placing your rectum in warm, shallow water for a period of 15 to 20 minutes, 3 times a day, can alleviate the symptoms associated with external haemorrhoids and shrink them simultaneously.
Use a topical cream. Annusol HC cream contains hydrocortisone and is highly effective at relieving the burning and itching, while at the same time reducing the swelling of external haemorrhoids.
Get banded. There is a surgical procedure known as haemorrhoid banding, which is an outpatient procedure and requires no stitches. The haemorrhoid is tied off at the base of the tissue, which cuts off the blood supply that causes the vein to bulge and rupture. The lack of blood supply eventually causes the haemorrhoid to fall off.
Go laser. Laser treatment is an effective surgical method of removing haemorrhoids completely, is less invasive, and requires no stitches. The doctor will use a laser beam to shrink the haemorrhoids by sealing off the nerves and blood vessels. Depending on the severity of the haemorrhoids, this treatment may need to be repeated more than once.
Get a haemorrhoidectomy. This surgical procedure is the most invasive and painful, usually requires a hospital stay of about four days, and has the highest risk of infection. During this procedure the doctor will remove the haemorrhoid and its tissues. The surrounding tissues are then stitched. There is a good chance these stitches will fall out during a bowel movement, hence the increased risk of infection.