First Aid Kit Contents Checklist

Written by monica douglas
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First Aid Kit Contents Checklist
Preparation is the first step in medical aid. (sign. first aid sign image by L. Shat from Fotolia.com)

A minor injury causes pain, minor distress and sometimes annoyance. When you must stop the bleeding or stinging right away, don't run around the house to see if you have what you need. End the suffering quickly after an accident occurs by planning and keeping your supplies on hand. You or your patient will soon start to heal with a few helpful items stored in your first aid kit.

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Wound Dressings

Non-stick, self-adhesive bandages are a modern convenience you will find in every well-stocked kit. Whether you need a small fingertip bandage or a large square bandage to cover larger wounds, they will protect your injury from debris and further trauma and help keep topical medicine in place. Bandages backed with popular cartoon characters or superheroes may help bring a smile from your smaller patients, and clear or waterproof backings are perfect for a patient who needs to move on quickly.

A roll of gauze and medical tape covers larger scrapes and wounds, but keep the gauze treated with ointment to prevent sticking to the wound.

Tape can also be used for minor sprains, but a long elastic bandage designed to keep the arm or ankle immobilised until it heals or a doctor can assess the injury provides better support. Larger first aid kits include a sling to support the weight of the arm.

Cleansing

Irritation or infection could send you to the doctor for advanced care if healing does not occur promptly. Disinfect scrapes and wounds with a spray bottle of hydrogen peroxide, such as Bactine, or thieves oil diluted in water. Thieves oil is a blend of essential oils that effectively cleans the skin as well as other surfaces. Dilute it with distilled water in a small spray bottle.

Individually wrapped alcohol swabs conveniently wipe away blood and debris and some even include an anesthetic to ease the pain. Use sterile gloves made of latex or vinyl to protect yourself and your patient, and keep a bottle of eye wash solution on hand to flush the eye clean of contaminants.

Cuts and Scrapes

Keep triple antibiotic in your kit to fight off infection. A topical antibodies preparation is delivered through a petroleum jelly base directly to the injury site.

Alternative care products offer healing with a slightly different perspective. Use tea tree gel sparingly immediately following the injury to promote healing and balance the microbes at the site.

Ointments with goldenseal, comfrey or myrrh disinfect and soothe irritated skin. These may cause an initial burning sensation.

Burns

Even a slight burn can be painful and distracting. Zinc oxide cream stops burning, stinging and itching caused by skin irritations. Use silver salve to disinfect and soothe burns and scrapes.

Vitamin E oil applied to the burn can help prevent scarring, and many people find relief by applying jelly from an aloe plant.

Rashes

Identifying a rash and treating it effectively can be tedious and sometimes it takes a bit of patience. Hydrocortisone cream relieves itching from minor rashes. It is a steroid treatment that boosts the skin's natural immunity.

A natural alternative with Calendula cream may soothe the skin, and homeopathic remedies are available at your health food store for everything from poison ivy to hives. Use a gentle cleanser to improve the skin's balance of microbes. This will help speed healing as well.

Calamine lotion relieves irritation from several different outdoor rashes, and creams and gels with antihistamines will reduce redness and swelling.

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