The Montessori phonetic farm lesson can be used in conjunction with many other Montessori learning tools to teach beginning reading, phonetic reading, parts of speech and even primary sentence construction. The phonetic farm comes in many forms, and you can either order a set complete with a model farm of make one out of objects that you probably already have in your home.
- Skill level:
Other People Are Reading
Things you need
- Plastic animal figurines
- Note cards
- Black marker
- Red marker
- Blue marker
- Large box
- 3 smaller boxes
Collect as many farm-related items as possible. You should have, if available, plastic figures of ducks, pigs, dogs, cats, kids, ram, hens, pens (for animals) and a farmer. These items should have a simple name. So if you have goslings, for example, you might want to make them "ducks" or "ducklings" instead.
Make a note card for each object. Every object should have a corresponding note card with its name written on the card in clear, proper lettering. The writing on these cards should be black, because the words on the cards are nouns. Once you have completed all the noun cards, place them in a small box, label it "Noun" in black marker and put that box in the larger box.
Create verb cards that go with each object. The writing on these note cards should be red because all verb-related lessons will also have corresponding colours. Use simple verbs that describe things that farm animals and objects might do. For example, "run" is a good verb because it can be used with many different nouns. The completed verb cards will also go in a small box labelled "Verb" and be placed in the large box upon completion of the set. You should have a verb card for every object, but the action does not have to only fit one object.
Make adjective cards using the blue marker. As with the verb cards, the adjectives do not have to correspond to just one object. For example, "big" can be used to describe multiple things on a farm, as can "fat" and "old." These words are also easy to sound out phonetically. Upon completion, label the small box with these note cards in it "Adjective" with the blue marker and place it also in the large box.
Label the large box, which now should contain the farm objects and three small boxes labelled Noun, Verb and Adjective, with the word "Farm." The entire box should be placed where the children will have easy access to it, and you can use this box to teach a wide variety of lessons.
Tips and warnings
- You can use green poster board, a shoebox and an empty oatmeal can to make a cardboard barn if you want. The poster board provides the ground, the shoebox the barn and the oatmeal can the silo. You will need to paint them appropriately. This allows you to also use words like barn, pen, and silo in the noun card set and makes the lesson more interactive to help younger children envision what the objects represent.