China--a smooth, glassy form of baked clay--is among the most beautiful tableware materials ever created. You don't have to break the bank to fix a cracked teacup or a chipped water pitcher.
Roll equal quantities of milliput, which comes in a kit with two tubes, into a ball until the two colors have fused. You can buy milliput, a type of modeling putty, at art supply stores.
Apply the milliput to the chip with a toothpick, then return the chip to its original position.
If needed, place masking tape taut across the repaired area to hold in place.
Allow the chip to set for 6 hours, then remove any masking tape.
Sand gently with fine (220-grit) sandpaper until the milliput is flush with the surface. Take care not to damage the china's glaze or decoration.
Touch up with acrylic paint as needed.
Brush on a clear glaze, available at art supply stores, if you wish to achieve a glossy finish.
Put the cracked piece of china in an oven at very low heat--150and#176; to 200and#176;F (65and#176; to 95and#176;C).
Mix epoxy glue (which comes in a kit with two tubes) in the tray that comes with the epoxy glue or in a disposable cup.
Dip a glue stick, matchstick or toothpick into paint powder that matches the china color. Mix until the color looks right.
Take the cracked item out of the oven using oven mitts, then place on a plastic or wood cutting board. The heat of the oven will cause the crack to widen ever so slightly.
Fill the crack with the tinted glue mixture, using the small stick. Let dry overnight. The crack will condense as the china cools.
Chip away hardened glue with a razor blade or an X-Acto knife.
If the china is an antique or of great sentimental value, hire a professional ceramic restorer to do the repair. Ask for a reference at an antiques shop or search the yellow pages or Internet under "china" or "antique" repair and restoration.
Contact a china replacement company if an irreparably broken piece of china is part of a set.
Look for paint powder (available at home supply and art supply stores) that is recommended for china. If you send your china to a ceramic restorer to have it fixed, package each piece separately in bubble wrap or tissue. Many restorers have a backlog and the repair work is time-consuming, so it may take weeks or months for your repair to be completed. Restored china will never be as strong as the original piece. Use it as infrequently as possible.