As the name implies, the fence gate basically slides. It does this in a variety of ways. Typically a sliding fence gate will move along a track of some sort. This track could simply be one with a groove in it for the wheels attached to the fence to slide within, while there are tracks that are elevated with a groove down the middle of the wheels attached to the fence. The wheels in this manner simply ride along the track to move the fence as it slides similar to the way a trains wheels move along train tracks. One thing to note though is to maintain the sliding system as it can become worn and damaged over time. This can cause the wheels to come off the track and cause problems with the gate's ability to slide properly.
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Many sliding fences will need to be moved manually along the track. Typically the person moving it will have to unlatch the fence from where it was secured when it was closed and then push or slide the fence to a fully open position. When these fences are new, they should slide easily; over time they could become harder to slide as dirt and other debris build up in the track and wheels. It is important to keep not only the wheels and track clean but also the area around it to ensure optimal use.
There also are sliding fence gates that act as a way to close off the driveway. These fences sometimes are run electrically with a remote so that residents of the home do not have to exit their car to open the sliding gate. These gates operate remotely and are attached to a chain that is then attached to a motor. These motors move the chain along another track that causes the fence to either open or close. This motion allows the ability of the fence to be opened and closed when leaving the residence and when arriving back at the residence. This is especially helpful when the home is located on a busy street that does not allow easy and safe street parking and exiting of vehicles.