Ambulance nurses are mostly trained on the job and through continuing education courses and certifications. Prior to earning the appropriate training and certification in this nursing subspecialty, nurses must possess at least two years professional experience in a trauma centre or critical care environment.
The Emergency Nurses Association (ENA) offers several training models for ambulance nurses. Training includes advanced trauma nursing, treating paediatric trauma patients and emergency triage nursing.
Ambulance nurses must possess a current and unrestricted nursing license in their state. Ideal candidates have at least two years experience as an RN in critical care and ground transport environments.
The Board of Certification for Emergency Nursing (BCEN) offers certifications for emergency nurses (CEN), flight registered nurses (CFRN) and critical care ground transport registered nurses (CTRN). The BCEN and the Pediatric Nursing Certification Board (PNCB) created the certified paediatric emergency nurse (CPEN) test for paediatric nurses who work in emergency settings. CPEN candidates are required to acquire 1,000 hours of paediatric emergency practice in the 24 months before taking the test.