Cloze exercises are texts that have words, parts of words or letters missing. Students are asked to fill in what's missing, either from a list on the page or from their understanding of the context. Cloze exercises are used to help students read for meaning, practice vocabulary, reinforce spelling words and review letter sounds. They are used with English language learners as well as with language arts students.
Cloze exercises make students think about the meaning of what they are reading. To know which word fills in the blank not only requires the student to know the meaning of the word but also the meaning of the sentence or paragraph. Sometimes cloze exercises can even introduce new vocabulary by having a list of words and their meanings at the top of the page and having sentences with the new words missing at the bottom of the page.
Spelling and Grammar
Cloze exercises can also be used to reinforce spelling and concepts of grammar. Letters can be removed from text so that students have to differentiate between vowel sounds, or gerunds such as "ed" and "ing" can be removed to practice verb tenses. Cloze exercises can even be used with pre-readers, such as when a picture is shown and students must fill in the missing beginning letter of the word that goes with the picture.
Some examples of cloze exercises are: Vowel sounds: The c_t is _nside. The d_g _s n_t.
Suffixes: Sam had five dollar_. Jane visit__ last week.
Vocabulary review: Tyrannosaurus Rex was a ****. He got his meat by chasing after ****_ _that were hurt or already dead. Mostly he ate _____.
New vocabulary inure - get used to injure - hurt impure - unnatural, tainted The water tasted so funny that Bob thought it was ****. I am to the sounds of yelling children. I don't think the tiger meant to **** him.