There is no difference between the British bulldog and the English bulldog, because these are two names for the same breed of dog. "British bulldog" is widely considered to be an outdated name. Although the dogs are often called English bulldogs, the breed is officially recognised as "bulldog" by the American Kennel Club.
Bulldog Breeding History
The first bulldogs were bred in the British Isles, which is where the old term "British bulldog" comes from. These dogs were specially trained to fight against bulls in a sport called bull baiting. As such, they were bred to be aggressive, courageous and resilient. Breeders worked to eliminate the bulldog's fierce disposition when bull baiting became illegal in England. Today, bulldogs are primarily used as companions or show dogs. Modern bulldogs have shorter bodies than their ancestors, so they are no longer able to fight bulls, but their old reputation and fierce appearance make them popular as mascots.
Most bulldogs weigh around 22.7 Kilogram, although some weigh anywhere from 18.1 to 31.8 Kilogram due to varied breeding. They are a stocky and compact breed with a flat face, a smooth coat and a naturally short tail. They have low-set eyes, small angled ears, and they come in many colours including red, white, fawn and brindle.
Bulldogs are gentle and loyal dogs who often develop strong attachments to their families. They love children and tend to get along with other animals, but they can also be protective and stubborn. They have a reputation for being lazy because they don't like heavy exercise, but this is because their bodies are not built for running. Bulldog puppies are highly energetic and may require extra patience during training, but most will calm down by the time they reach adulthood.
Caring for Your Bulldog
Make sure your bulldog always has plenty of shade. Bulldogs can overheat easily, especially on hot days. Their short noses also make them more susceptible to breathing problems than other breeds. They need minimal grooming and exercise and are most comfortable living indoors. Clean between their wrinkles regularly to prevent infections. If you're thinking of adopting a bulldog, be sure to research the breed in detail to determine if it is a good fit for your lifestyle.
- Bulldog anglais image by Olivier from Fotolia.com