Choosing a topic for your Spanish oral presentation may seem difficult at first, but narrowing it down can be easy. Spanish is spoken in 44 countries, and the number of people that speak the language is on the rise, which gives you many choices in presentation topics. Consider choosing a topic that is interesting to you. If you are interested in your presentation, others will be as well.
The history of many Spanish-speaking countries is long and complex. Consider creating a presentation about South American countries' wars for independence, or perhaps the Spanish Civil War.
You can also select a presentation topic based on a Spanish historical figure's personal history. For example, Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz was a nun in colonial Mexico whose literary works were considered scandalous during 17th century Mexico. The Department of Spanish and Portugese at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire has an online project devoted to the life and works of Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz.
With over 300 million Spanish speakers worldwide, there is no uniform Spanish-speaking culture. There are many cultures that claim Spanish as their first language. Consider creating a presentation about a particular Spanish-speaking country, such as Peru, for example, and the culture of its people. Consider choosing two countries, such as Spain and Argentina, and compare and contrast the cultural beliefs and practices found there. There are even regional differences in culture within Spanish-speaking countries. A common cultural practice in Northern Mexico may be different than that in southern Mexico.
Holidays and festival days are very important in Spanish-speaking countries. Think about creating a presentation about a particular holiday and how it is celebrated. El Día de los Muertos (the Day of the Dead) is a popular holiday, for example. Many holidays have important religious significance as well, such as La Navidad (Christmas) and Pascua (Easter). These holidays are celebrated on a huge scale throughout the Spanish-speaking world. Compare and contrast how holidays are celebrated in different countries. There are many regional holidays, such as independence days and saint's days, that are specific to certain countries as well.
Food in Spanish-speaking countries is diverse and it plays a major role in people's everyday lives. Food is also something that differs from region to region. Create a presentation about the differences and similarities in what people eat in various regions. For example, you can discuss culinary customs in Mexico and compare them to those of Chile. Think also about preparing some foods in advance for your audience to sample as well.