Beautiful, blooming jasmine plants add a splash of colour and a sweet fragrance to any landscape. Planting time exerts a big influence on jasmine, as it affects the blooming characteristics of the plant's signature flowers. There are more than 200 types of jasmine, so ideal planting times and general care may vary per plant. Luckily for green fingers, this climbing plant grows vigorously and requires very little maintenance.
When to plant
Jasmine plants fall into two main categories: summer jasmine (Jasminum officinale) and winter jasmine (Jasminum nudiflorum). Summer jasmine plants flower in summertime while winter jasmine flowers late in the year, hence the names. For the best results, gardeners should plant summer jasmine in the spring or autumn seasons. Plant winter jasmine in the autumn or winter seasons.
How to plant
jasmine flower on green image by Piter Pkruger from Fotolia.com
Remove weeds throughout the planting site. Place jasmine root balls in shallow holes, leaving the ball's top even with the soil, and add a bit of leaf mould to the hole for healthy growth. As jasmine grows quickly and robustly, leave about 2.4 cm (8 feet) of space between each plant. Plant especially vigorous varieties such as star jasmine about 6 m (20 feet) apart. Plant summer jasmine with a south or southwest facing aspect. Winter jasmine, a more shade-tolerant type of plant, tolerates all aspects, including south and southeast facing aspects. Plant jasmine near gates or walls to encourage climbing.
No matter when they're planted, all jasmine plants thrive in full or partial sunlight and moderate temperatures of about 10 to 26.7 degrees Celsius (50 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit). Jasmine needs about four hours of sunlight each day. It flourishes in nutrient-rich, well-drained soil with a pH rating of about 5 to 8. This flowering plant tolerates sandy loam and clay soils, so long as the soil is moist. Jasmine is hardy in all regions of the British Isles.
jasmine image by Maria Brzostowska from Fotolia.com
Typical rainfall of about 25 cm to 2.5 m (10 to 100 inches) of precipitation per year usually provides enough water for jasmine plants, though you can water them freely during dry summer months. High-potassium liquid fertiliser helps the plant flourish. Apply fertiliser, and optional lime for healthy growth, during the spring season. Both summer and winter types of jasmine require pruning just after flowering. Weed around the plant's roots regularly to prevent root interference.