If you have or want to get your tongue pierced, it is important to receive proper care to avoid infection and gum recession. Gum recession, or periodontitis, is a very common problem with tongue piercings due to the jewellery rubbing against the gums. This can eventually lead to exposed roots, which cause much pain and, eventually, loss of teeth.
Rinse your mouth with mouthwash on a daily basis to prevent infection. If you don't have mouthwash available, rinse your mouth with peroxide.
Use a segment ring (hoop jewelery that opens when you twist it) or exclusively bioplast tongue jewellery, such as barbells. Bioplast works best due to the consistency and flexibility of the plastic material. This type of jewellery does not interfere with the body's cells and tissue, and therefore can prevent gum recession.
Avoid smoking, as smoking coupled with a tongue piercing can give you an added risk of getting gum disease.
Seek follow-up care after getting a tongue piercing, especially if your tongue swells, as swelling could lead to your piercing rubbing against your gums while eating. Make regular appointments to see your dentist. He will check to ensure that your gums are not at risk of recession and give you tips on proper oral care.
If you experience the beginnings of gum recession, do not consume very cold or very hot foods, such as ice cream or coffee, because the exposed portion of your teeth will be especially sensitive and give you a lot of discomfort. See your dentist immediately.