Periodontal disease can destroy teeth, gums and nerves. It also has the potential to bring on diabetes, respiratory illness, heart disease and other conditions and disease. Brushing and flossing are helpful in getting rid of microbes that inhabit the teeth, gums and mouth, but cannot clean under the gum line. Therefore, using an oral irrigator at home or one that attaches right to a faucet helps reduce bacteria in the pockets where the gums and teeth meet. There are a variety to choose from, depending on how deep the pockets are (usually measured in millimetres).
Irrigate Gums and Teeth
When using an irrigator at home, also use an antimicrobial fluid that is appropriate for your type of irrigator. This helps remove dangerous bacteria that form a film over the teeth, while massaging the gums, according to mizar5.com. Should you have limited time, use an irrigator that attaches to a faucet or shower outlet, such as ShowerPik and QuickPikII. These allow you to clean your teeth while showering or washing the rest of your body.
Irrigate Crevices and Pockets
Use a cannula tip to remove decay in pockets between the gums and teeth. These areas are often too small for regular irrigation. The cannula tip can target the area well; however, you'll need to use an irrigator that holds the cannula, along with an antimicrobial liquid. Use low pressure, because high pressure may force bacteria farther into the gum tissue, or may damage the tissue. It is also best to use warm water, as cold water sensitivity may produce pain or discomfort.
Gum Pocket Irrigating Syringe
If you prefer not to use a water irrigator, use a gum pocket irrigating syringe for a pocket between the tooth and gum that is about 1/10 inch, or 3mm. Put lubricating gel onto the plunger and follow the directions. Use light, consistent pressure. Dentists recommend this tool for moderate-to-advanced periodontal disease, and it is portable, according to dentalwellness4u.com. Dentists advise to irrigate after brushing and flossing, and use a Water Pik after breakfast and before bed.