Over time, all gold jewellery develops a patina. However, with the appropriate care, and the judicious application of a few household products, you can make your gold jewellery shine like new in no time.
A word of warning before you use any jewellery cleaner: some stones and settings are delicate. Always use care when applying a harsh cleaner on stones. Periodically, have your setting checked to ensure that your stones are not loose and that the prongs are tight. Additionally, stay away from toothpaste or baking soda and vinegar as cleaners. Both toothpaste and baking soda act as scouring agents. Over time, these products can damage your jewellery.
Much of the tarnish that builds up on rings and necklaces is a byproduct of wearing your jewellery, as oils from your skin transfer to the gold. Dead skin cells, dirt and grease adhere to these oils. Over time, this can leave a thin patina that makes gold look dirty and tarnished. Soaking your jewellery in isopropyl alcohol can help to dissolve these oils and loosen the patina of dirt.
If you have ever smelled a jewellery-grade cleaner, chances are you’ve smelled ammonia. Fortunately, you don’t have to purchase expensive jewellery cleaner to harness the cleaning power of ammonia. Mix up a solution of one part ammonia and six parts water to clean your gold jewellery. Or, can use Windex or another common household cleaner that contains ammonia to clean your jewellery. To apply the ammonia solution, soak your jewellery for less than a minute. Then remove it and gently scrub with a soft-bristled toothbrush or a nail brush.
Dish Washing Liquid
Dish washing liquid is an effective way to clean gold, as most liquids are a form of mild detergent that's formulated to cut grease without leaving a residue behind. To use a dish washing liquid to clean gold, combine a few drops of liquid with 2 cups of warm water. Dip a lint-free cloth into the liquid and rub the jewellery with the damp cloth until it shines. Avoid using paper products, as they contain wood pulp that can scour and damage your gold jewellery.