Gastritis is also referred to as gastro-esophageal reflux disease, or GERD. The disease affects the oesophagus where it joins the stomach, in an area also known as the lower esophageal sphincter, or LES. Reflux refers to the backflow of the stomach's contents, particularly acids that come back into the oesophagus. When the LES is weak certain foods can cause the backflow due to inflammation in the stomach. Diet can be helpful in reducing symptoms of GERD.
Basic Diet Tips
The best diet to follow is one that includes the recommended daily allowances of cereals, vegetables, fruits, dairy products and meats. Eat small, frequent meals. Consume milk and dairy products only three times per day. These should be fat-free or low-fat to reduce stomach acid. Whole grains and breads made from low-fat products are easy on the stomach. They can be eaten often throughout the day. Some grains, such as saltine crackers, can help to settle the stomach and lower the acid content.
A sample menu for gastritis might include an English muffin with a small pat of butter, 236ml of skimmed milk and 1/2 cup of peaches for breakfast. A good lunch would consist of 113gr of water-packed tuna with 2 tablespoons of mayo and cucumber slices on whole-grain bread or a whole-grain pita, and 1 cup of lettuce on the side. For dinner try an oven-baked chicken breast, a small salad with fat-free dressing and steamed carrots. For snacks you could have a cup of peaches, bananas or a rice cake. Be sure to drink plenty of water.
Foods to Avoid
Foods that irritate the stomach will cause inflammation, which will trigger acid production or reflux. Limit any food that could cause heartburn. Avoid greasy, fried foods and foods that are very spicy, as well as alcohol. Stay away from gas-producing edibles such as cooked dried beans, broccoli, cabbage, onions, whole milk and some fruits. Too much gas in the stomach will cause pressure and bloating. Other things that may aggravate your symptoms are orange juice, lemons, lemonade, grapefruit juice, cranberry juice, tomatoes, coffee, tea and other caffeinated or carbonated drinks.