Over the next few sections, we're going to be talking about the building block of learning which is letter sounds. Two different types of letter sounds, there are consonants which are most of the alphabet and then there are five vowels. The five vowels you should know but they are a e i o and u. Now the vowels we pronounce very differently when we're teaching children so that they get a very clear understanding of how to pronounce when they're reading and that will help them in sounding out words tremendously. The consonants I'm going to talk about first. Now the consonants, if you remember sounding out, you might have remembered that people say kuh aa tuh, cat. Now that's very close, that's very good but to make it even more clear, we're going to take the vowel off the consonant so instead of saying kuh aa tuh, we're going to say k aa t. Now the difference is there's no uh in front of each consonant because when we say cat we don't say kuhaatuh, look at that little kuhaatuh running down the street and we want children to be as clear as possible, especially when they're starting out so to make sure you're not doing that with consonants. Put your hand in front of your mouth, if you feel a little puff of air on your hand, you know you're doing it wrong. You don't feel that puff of air, you know you're doing it right. You might feel a little puff with the t but try to minimize it as much as possible. And that's how we start to teach them to sound out. Now the vowel can go a long time. There are five vowels and you can stretch it as long as you feel the child needs k aaaaa t, like that. And that's how we enunciate letter sounds.