In this clip, we'll be learning how to do the beginning of the alphabet for the minuscule?s, the small letters from A to F. Sometimes it's helpful to me, when I'm doing my practice work or even in a professional job, to write on the side what the lines are so I don't confuse them. So I have the body height here, the ascender, the descender and this is the cap line. Everything's going to be written with a forty-five degree angle. So, I always look for that angle and make a little tic mark with my nib edge to find it, because you're always going to be holding your pen at forty-five degrees. Here's an example of how you're going to be holding your nib and your nib holder in the forty-five degree angle to the paper and you're always going to be keep your hand flowing nice and smoothly. And you're going to be very, very relaxed. You uncross your legs, you loosen up your arms and you relax. Then you'll start with the letter A. You come down, you go up to the corner, down, up and then you finish the letter for two. Once again, you can make your forty-five degree angle, you come down, back up, and down, and you use these lines that I have on this grid to help you to determine exactly where to go with the lettering. If you're not in a place where you can be using a dip pen, maybe you're traveling or you're not some place where you can have access to clean it up, I then recommend you use the calligraphy marker at the 5-O size, which is about the same as the C-O nib. So you're going to get relatively the same sizing for your lettering. And it's convenient for practicing, but it's not something I would use in a final project. So to make a letter with the marker, it's the same thing; you're still going to find your forty-five degree angle. And, with the letter B, you're going to be using your ascender, so you're going to go all the way to the top to find your forty-five degree angle. So, working with the marker, you're still going to find your forty-five degree angle and on the letter B, you're going to be using the ascender and you always want to complete your second stroke and not leave that empty because this is a cursive hand. You're going to have a cursive look to it. So, that's the B. For the C, again, you find your tick mark, come down and up on your edge and over. D is a little more complicated. You come down, up, find your forty-five degree angle at the ascender, down the body height, finish and finish. E, just like C and F is a long letter. Comes all the way down, crosses at the body height.