Carnations are common in floral arrangements. Often, brides will use the carnation for boutonnières and bridal bouquets. Carnations come in different colours, with each colour representing a meaning unlike the other. White carnations mean pure love and pink carnations represent a mother's love. Besides different colour carnations, the flowers come in different sizes.
Large carnations have one flower on a stem. Also called the standard carnation, stems can reach a height of 28 inches with one single flower 2 to 3 inches in diameter. Common colours of the large carnation include bi-coloured, mauve, red, pink, white, orange and yellow. The most common cultivars are Sidney Littlefield, Mediterranean and Sims. Cultivars with frilly petal edges are the Mignon, Chinese and Butterfly, which have bi-coloured, red, purple, white and pink flowers. Large carnations are often used as floral arrangements with smaller carnations and baby's breath.
Spray carnations (Dianthus caryophyllaceae) have four to six smaller flowers on a stem. Spray carnations or miniatures as they are often called have small flowers 1 to 2 inch in diameter. Stem heights can reach 24 inches. Most of the spray carnation cultivars have ruffled petals. Spray carnations are native to regions in the Mediterranean. The most common miniature carnation cultivars include the white flower Tibet, scarlet flowered Rony, the Exquisite with violet flowers with white edges and the Elegance with white edges on a rosy pink flower. Spray carnations are often used for bridal bouquets and floral arrangements.
Dwarf carnations (Dianthini) have a two to four smaller flowers on one stem. Stems grow to 16 inches tall with several flowers of 1/2 to 3/4 inch in diameter. Flower colours include bi-coloured, purple, red, yellow and white. Petals of the dianthini have white edges to accent the flower petals. Dwarf carnations are often used as boutonnières because of their smallness.
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