German automobile manufacturer Mercedes-Benz has been producing the C-Class since 1993. A line of luxury sedans, this series replaced the 190 vehicles, and it is the smallest, most affordable series manufactured by Mercedes for the U.S. market. As of 2010, three generations of design have been launched, in 1993, 2000 and 2008. The C230 replaced the C220 in 1996, but it was discontinued in the United States in 2008.
The first generation of the C230 is built on the W202 chassis. It has a 2.3-litre I4 engine with 148 horsepower and 162 foot-lbs. of torque. With a 16-valve double overhead camshaft, the motor has a bore by stroke of 3.58 by 3.48 inches and a compression ratio of 10:4:1. Its fuel tank holds 16.4 gallons, and its fuel efficiency averages 23 miles per gallon (mpg) in the city and 30mpg on the highway.
Beginning in 2000, the C230 was built on the W203 chassis; it was offered as both a sedan and a coupe. Inside, it contains a 1.8-litre I4 engine that provides 189 horsepower and 192 foot-lbs. of torque. This motor has a 16-valve double overhead camshaft, a bore by stroke of 3.23 by 3.35 inches and an 8:7:1 compression ratio. Also holding a maximum of 16.4 gallons in its fuel tank, its fuel efficiency averaged 21 to 23mpg in the city and 31 to 32mpg on the highway.
With a wheelbase of 105.9 inches and a weight of 1449kg., the W202 C230 is 177.4 inches long, 67.7 inches wide and 56.1 inches high. Its front track is 59 inches and its rear track is 57.6 inches.
With a wheelbase of 106.9 inches, the W203 C230 coupe weighs between 3,250 and 1488kg., depending on the transmission, and it is 171 inches long, 68 inches wide and 54.3 inches tall. It has a front track of 58.8 inches and a rear track of 57.6 inches, with a ground clearance of 5.8 inches. The sedan, on the other hand, weighs between 3,230 and 1445kg. It too has a wheelbase of 106.9 inches, but it is 178.2 inches long, 68 inches wide and 55.1 inches tall. Its front and rear tracks are the same as those on the coupe, but its ground clearance is 6.3 inches.
Seating five passengers, the W202 offers 37.2 inches of front headroom and 41.5 inches of front legroom. In the rear, it provides 37 inches of headroom and 32.8 inches of legroom.
With room for only four passengers, the W203 coupe provides 38.5 inches of front headroom and 42 inches of front legroom, with 36.5 inches of headroom and 33 inches of legroom in the rear. The sedan, however, can seat five passengers and offers 38.9 inches of front headroom and 41.7 inches of front legroom. In the back, it provides 37.3 inches of headroom and 33 inches of legroom.