King Edward VII is the namesake of the Edwardian style, which gained popularity slightly before and during his rule between 1901 and 1910. According to the official website of the British Broadcasting Company, "After the heaviness, clutter and dark colours of Victorian interiors, people wanted something new and cheerful." The website further explains that this design and decor influence was characterised by a certain lightness. This is particularly true for Edwardian window styles.
Edwardian Stained Glass
While the prevalence of stained glass began back in the Victorian era, Edwardian styles continued to make use of this type of adornment. However, stained glass during this time was brighter and more cheerful. For example, according to the website Legacypatterns.com, "The Edwardians enjoyed having light pour into their homes, and clear textured glass surrounding colourful motifs became popular." Stained glass designers often depicted bright colours such as lilac, primrose yellow, and leafy greens in their compositions.
According to the website Freepedia.co.uk, "In 1894 the Building Act changed the regulations, so that windows no longer had to be flush with the exterior wall. The . . . Edwardian period took advantage of the change in new building regulations and now presented their windows in bays." Edwardian windows typically jut out elegantly from the rest of the structure, providing residents with larger, more expansive views and comfortable window seats that offer the vantage point of a balcony without exposure to the elements. Most Edwardian bay windows had brick or wooden structural supports. Homeowners often painted the wooden supports bright white.
Edwardian Sash Windows
According to the website 1900s.org.uk, "A 'sash window' is a window in two sections which opens by sliding one or both of the sections up or down over the other." This process is not difficult due to a system of pulleys and weights that help to balance the rising pane. While both Victorian and Edwardian sash windows typically have wooden panes, Edwardian windows are still slightly more distinctive. With Edwardian styles, "The sash window would tend to have the upper decorative multi pane section fixed and a single sliding pane of glass below to allow for more light," states Freepedia.co.uk.
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