England has long been known for its formal gardens. Many of these gardens included flowers of species native to the islands. The flowers were selectively bred for generations to improve the beauty of the blooms and the hardiness of the plants.
English bluebells are one of the original plants of the English garden since the middle ages, according to the website gardenguides.com. The plants grow to a height of about 12 inches and blooms in the spring producing flowers that are, obviously, blue and bell shaped. The bluebell is most often found in the wild in western Ireland and northern Scotland although, through cultivation, is found in gardens and yards all over England.
The pansy is a low growing plant popular in gardens and flower pots. The pansy is available in a number of varieties and colours. According to the website English-country-garden.com the pansy is a favourite food for rabbits and deer. The plant was first identified as a separate species from the viola by Lord Gambier at Buckinghamshire, England in the early part of the 19th century.
The London pride yields tiny pink flowers in May. The plant, which grows up to 1 foot tall, is commonly used as a fast spreading groundcover in rock gardens. The broad sculpted leaves make an attractive plant even when not blooming. The plant is not named for the city in England but rather a person. Mr. London was a partner in the firm London and Wise who served as royal gardeners.
The geranium is one of the most common of the wild flowers seen in England. According to the website aboutflowers.org travellers along some rail lines in England will see hills covered with the colourful plant. It has also be cultivated and many varieties do exist. English geraniums are classified as crane's bill, stork's bills and heron's bills in reference to the shape of the seeds. All make excellent additions to a flower bed.
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