According to the 2003 National Highway Transportation Safety Administration fact page, on average, one pedestrian is killed nearly every two hours. Based on these dangerous facts, it is important that children participate in activities to learn and follow the rules of the road at a young age.
Stop! Look! Listen!
Begin by discussing the basics of stopping when coming to the edge of a sidewalk. Remind students to "look left, then right, then left again." Remind students about the importance of listening for cars and making eye contact with drivers. At this point, the teacher will play Simon Says with students allowing them to demonstrate understanding of left and right. Students should look over their left and right shoulders during the course of the game.
Helmet Safety: The Egg Drop
When discussing helmet safety, begin by taking an anonymous poll to find out who wears their helmet all the time. Show students a variety of photos of helmets that have been in accidents. Make even more of an impact by showing students actual helmets. For a more hands-on demonstration on how fragile a human skull can be, use raw eggs for an egg drop. Explain that the raw egg will represent a human head. Choose one student to stand on a chair and drop the egg onto a piece of newspaper. Of course, it will shatter. Now, explain to students that a proper helmet has styrofoam inside to absorb the impact if there is a bicycle accident. Choose another student to stand on their chair and drop the egg into a cardboard box containing styrofoam pellets. This egg will survive. This experiment will help to remind the students how important it is to wear a helmet all the time. Stress that helmets must be worn at all times.
Crossing the Road
For this activity, get a four foot by two foot piece of cardboard and paint it black. Cut strips of yellow construction paper and tape them on the board to make a "road." Continue by cutting out two circles of construction paper (one in red and one in green) that are about six inches in diameter. The children will practice crossing the road. The children get to take turns crossing the road. Students will stand in a line and the first child will ask the teacher, "May I cross the road?" The teacher will hold up the red sign and the child will answer yes or no and explain what a red light means. Hold up a green sign and ask the class, "What does green mean?" They will shout, "Go!" and the students will be able to cross the road.
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