Honey bees play a vital role in plant pollination and food production. Flowers need to be pollinated by insects in order to thrive and grow. Bees are attracted to most flowers, but there are some that they avoid altogether. People who are afraid of or allergic to bees can benefit from having a flower garden that deters these insects.
For reasons unknown, bees tend to avoid dark-red flowers. They flock to yellow, blue, orange and pink flowers, but they stay from red flowers, such as red roses and red zinnias. If you are trying to minimise bees in your garden by planting red flowers, pay attention to the colour of the pollen buds. If the pollen buds are yellow, then those flowers will attract bees.
Chrysanthemums can be pollinated by bees, but bees typically avoid these flowers because of spider predators that often lurk near by. Chrysanthemum flowers attract spiders that feed on bees and other insects. If you don't mind attracting spiders, then these flowers can be an excellent addition to your garden.
According to the Gardens Ablaze website, bees hate the feverfew plant, a flowering herb that is a member of the daisy family. Feverfew produces a scent and bitter taste that bees despise. Plant this herb along walkways, garden paths and other areas where you want to keep bees away. This plant is not a cooking herb, but it can be used to treat ailments such as cuts and digestive upsets.
To discourage bees from buzzing around your garden, you can plant tubular flowers that are preferred by hummingbirds. Bees avoid these flowers because they are difficult to pollinate. Some examples of tubular flowers are trumpet vines, aquilegia (colombine) and lapageria rosea (Chilean bellflower).