The Effects of Gender Discrimination

Written by john mcdaniel
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The Effects of Gender Discrimination
Women may face discrimination in a male-dominated workplace. (Jupiterimages/ Images)

Gender discrimination occurs in almost all realms of society to some degree. The school system, workplace and other institutions have inherent biases against a certain gender, which can greatly affect the people within them. Gender discrimination can affect a person's career outlook, personal life, feelings, safety and happiness, which is why knowing and diagnosing the effects of gender discrimination is important in remedying the damage it causes.

Workplace Discrimination

Discrimination in the workplace is one of the most prominent effects of gender prejudice. Both men and women have discriminatory aspects in the workplace. Women are frequently subjected to lower pay rates, fewer raises and fewer opportunities, as a result of prejudice from a male-dominated workplace. Men, who are often considered to be the primary bread winner of families, have an increased onus on making money and providing for a family, which is an unequal and discriminatory expectation.

Education Discrimination

In the education system, girls receive a particularly higher amount of discrimination than boys. Girls are more likely to drop out of school and become alienated as a result of social factors. In addition, males are more likely to receive attention from teachers, typically because they are more aggressive in seeking help from the teacher. Girls are also prevented from participating in certain education opportunities, such as enrolling in vocation programs such as mechanics or carpentry.

Segregation of Sexes

Many sociologists describe the workplace and society in general as a sexually segregated society, in which males and females have different sets of opportunities. Specifically, they describe "horizontal segregation" and "vertical segregation." Horizontal segregation refers to the separation of genders for certain tasks, such as only allowing men to be in the military's infantry and encouraging women to be medics. This separates them in different work sectors. Vertical segregation refers to preventing a gender from ascending to a higher position, such as not allowing women to become managers and bosses.


Harassment is one of the most damaging effects of discrimination. Girls are more likely to be harassed in school both by boys and other girls. Both males and females may be subjected to unwelcome sexual advances, offensive sexual talk, physical assault or sexually suggestive language. All of these behaviours are forms of harassment that result from objectifying a person as a result of gender differences. These practices can create a hostile work and social environment for both genders.

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