Positional words are words that describe the position of a particular item. "Beside," "on top of," "left," "right" and "under" are all examples of positional words students should learn. Positional words are best learnt through hands-on activities that get students out of their seats or manipulating objects.
Teach positional language through movement. Give students a small object, such as a ball. Ask students to stand up facing you. Give students directions using positional words. For example, you might say, "Simon says hold the ball above your head," or "Simon says hold the ball beside you." Use as many positional words as you can during the game. Once students have mastered the positional words, let students take turns as the leader.
Give students a drawing of a house and a dog. Ask students to colour the house and dog and then cut them out using safety scissors. Next, call out different positional statements, and ask students to use the house and dog to act them out. For example, if you say "the dog is beside the house," students should position the dog so that it is beside the house.
Teach positional order by placing students in a line. Ask the person who is first in line to raise his hand. Next, ask the person next to the person first in line to raise her hand. Ask students who are last in line, in the middle and so on to raise their hand. Rearrange students and do the activity again, until all students have a chance to be first or last in line.
Shapes and Colors
Create a worksheet to help students learn positional words and shapes. Draw different shapes in rows on the worksheet. Row one might include a star, triangle, square and circle. Inside each shape, write the name of a colour. Do not repeat the same shape and colour combination. Give each student a copy of the worksheet and crayons. Ask students to colour in each shape with the correct colour. Next, use positional words to help students find different shapes on the worksheet. For example, ask students to find the shape above the blue circle or below the yellow triangle.