Dachshunds are hounds that were originally bred in Germany. This breed has nicknames such as wiener dog and hot dog due to a body that is longer than it is tall. There are three varieties of dachshunds: short-haired, wired-haired and longhair. These dogs are clever, proud, affectionate and like to dig. The main differences between a standard and miniature dachshund are that the miniature is shorter and weighs less than the standard.
At a year old the standard dachshund is 8 to 11 inches high and the miniature is 5 to 7 inches high. Dachshunds have short legs that carry a lot of weight which can lead to back strain and the kneecap dislodging, called patellar luxation. Daily walks to maintain a healthy weight and no jumping can help to prevent this problem.
The standard dachshund at a year old weighs more than 4.99 Kilogram and averages between 6.8 and 14.5 Kilogram. The miniature weighs less than 4.99 Kilogram. Dachshunds are prone to spinal problems which makes it important to keep the weight within a normal range and to avoid rough playing and jumping. There are pain medications and disk procedures that have been effective in treating spinal problems such as intervertebral disk disease.
The standard dachshund's chest circumference is more than 35 centimetres and the miniature is 30 to 35 centimetres. Dachshunds are long, low and have a short rib cage and have a tendency toward obesity which can lead diabetes and heart disease. Moderate exercise is essential to keeping the weight down and avoiding health issues.
The standard dachshund was originally developed to scent, chase and flush out badgers and other burrow-dwelling animals. The miniature was developed to hunt smaller prey such as the rabbit. Dachshunds are sometimes called "badger dogs" due to their scenting, chasing and digging abilities. Dachshunds as pets need consistent training in order to deter their instinct to dig.