About Medieval Wedding Flowers

Written by melissa sherrard
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About Medieval Wedding Flowers
Flowers, herbs and spices made up traditional wedding bouquets during Medieval times. (Hemera Technologies/PhotoObjects.net/Getty Images)

Flowers used in Medieval weddings were typically fragrant blooms of rich colour -- including shades of yellow, orange, red, green and purple -- which symbolised love, fidelity and fertility. Medieval weddings were distinguished by the prominent use of wheat and herbs, such as basil, thyme, rosemary and even garlic, in floral bouquets, centrepieces and decorations. If you want a Medieval-themed wedding of your own, keep certain flowers and colour schemes in mind to keep with tradition.

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Gloriosa Lily

Gloriosa lilies are a perfect choice to include in a Medieval-themed wedding. These rustic-looking blooms are bold pinks and reds, symbolising love, with bright yellow tips. They last long after they are cut, making them great to include in bouquets and centrepieces. They have the fragile, exotic appearance of crushed red velvet, and while they are not true lilies, growing on a vine rather than from a bulb, gloriosa lilies still represented a sweetness and elegance during Medieval times as their authentic counterparts. These flowers are also called the Flame Lily, Glory Lily or Climbing Lily.

Orange Blossoms

Orange blossoms are a traditional choice for Medieval-themed weddings. Knights returning from the Crusades introduced to Medieval Europe the Saracen custom of weaving wreaths of orange blossom flowers for couples on their wedding day. Orange blossoms had been associated with purity and chastity throughout the Middle East for centuries, and these flowers quickly became a common sight at weddings of the wealthy, nobility and royalty of Europe. These flowers were highly sought after by royalty and nobility for their delicate white blossoms; evergreen leaves, which represented everlasting love; and sweet fragrance during the Middle Ages.

Parrot Tulips

Parrot tulips are the perfect choice if you want to incorporate bright colours and drama into your Medieval-themed wedding, as the petals of these tulips have a wavy, curled or feathered appearance characteristic of period fabrics. These soft, rounded blooms were highly prized by the wealthy and nobility as exotic symbols of passionate love as well as high status. Some parrot tulips even emit a sweet fragrance, making these distinctly-shaped flowers appropriate blooms to incorporate in a Medieval wedding. Parrot tulips come in a wide array of vibrant colours, including apricot, orange, red, purple, white and pink, and there are even striking multicolour varieties. Each colour held its own symbolic meaning during Medieval times.


During the Medieval and Victorian eras, amaryllis flowers represented "splendid beauty," and were common fixtures in floral arrangements and bouquets of the time. Crimson red varieties were associated with true love and used most often in weddings, as a Greek myth tells of a maiden named Amaryllis who created the flower for her lover with blood from her own heart. Cream, white, yellow, orange and pink varieties are also appropriate to include in Medieval-themed weddings.

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