Basic Civil Engineering Tools

Written by eunice atieno
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Civil engineering is a complex trade that requires special equipment for a particular task to run smoothly. With the ever changing technology, some equipment and tools in the civil engineering world such as the tape measure are slowly becoming obsolete. New technology has brought tools, equipment and machinery that are not only accurate but help save time.

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Scientific Calculators

These calculators are made in such a way that they store the data you are working with on the screen and a mistake can be easily corrected by going through that data on the screen. Moreover, some calculators such as the graphing calculator are used to draw graphs, and therefore analysing data becomes easier.

Asphalt Paver

This is a machine that finds its application mainly with the road construction civil engineers. This machine technically does the work of laying asphalt on an ongoing road construction. The asphalt paver is fed by a dumper truck and it then evenly spreads to form the road surface. Another machine, the roller, compresses the hot asphalt layer forming an even surface, which is smooth.

Theodolites

A Theodolite is an instrument used by surveyors and civil engineers to measure both horizontal and vertical angles. In order for a building to be erected, some levels are taken by the use of the theodolite. The theodolite is not used alone; a tripod stand comes in handy to make the use of the theodolite efficient. The theodolite is mounted on the tripod stand, and the legs of the tripod stand are adjusted appropriately. The vertical and horizontal angles are viewed through the small eye piece. There are three categories of Theodolites though they all perform the same function. These are the Transit theodolite, the Total station and the Digital theodolite.

Levelling Staff

A levelling staff is a wooden or aluminium rod, which is used to determine elevation differences. The levelling staff is mostly used by water civil engineers whenever they want to determine a slope of a particular area for the purpose of drainage. The staff has graduations that are in metric units or at time imperial. The levelling rods are often brightly coloured so they can be easily sited by a theodolite even when the distance between them is vast.

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