Vegetable planting tables impart important advice for gardeners to follow for vegetable garden planting. Planting tables categorise vegetables by types or planting seasons. These valuable guides indicate the time to start planting spring and fall crops according to temperature. Vegetable planting tables suggest how deep to plant various vegetable seeds and how far to space the rows of vegetable seeds. Germination and harvest dates are another source of information found on a vegetable planting table.
Plant crops for spring after the last frost and sow fall crops before the first frost. Cool-season crops require temperatures from 4.44 degrees C to 32.2 degrees C. Some cool-season crops include beets, broccoli, carrots and radishes. Warm-season crops need temperatures from 10 degrees C to 37.8 degrees C. Warm-season crops include tomatoes, summer squash, winter squash and corn.
Spacing and Depth
Plant beets in rows 4 to 6 inches apart and at a depth of 3/4 to 1 inch. Space broccoli plants in rows 18 inches apart and plant them 1/2 inch deep. Set carrots in rows 2 to 3 inches apart and 1/4 inch deep. Plant radishes in rows 2 to 3 inches apart and at a depth of 1/2 inch. Tomatoes need at least 24 inches between plants and seeds placed 1/4 inch deep. Summer and winter squash require at least 36 to 48 inches between plants and sowing at a depth of 1 to 1 1/2 inches. Plant corn in rows 12 inches by 30 inches or 9 inches by 36 inches and at a depth of 1 to 1 1/2 inches.
Beets are root vegetables that germinate in approximately 7 to 10 days. Broccoli has a germination period of 3 to 10 days. Carrots are root vegetables that germinate in about 10 to 17 days. Radishes are root vegetables with a germination time of 3 to 10 days. Tomatoes are a fruit grown as vegetables with a germination period of 6 to 14 days. Summer squash is another vegetable that is actually a fruit; summer squash germinates in 3 to 12 days. Winter squash is a fruit grown like a vegetable; winter squash has a germination time of 6 to 10 days. Corn germinates in 5 to 10 days.
Some plants grow quickly while others take a long time; for regions with short growing seasons, choosing fast-growing vegetables allows a gardener to reap more crops. Beets mature in about 60 days for harvest. Broccoli prefers warm soil; in colder regions this vegetable develops from a transplant and the harvest time from transplant is 65 days. Carrots typically take 70 days to mature for harvest. Radishes are a fast-growing vegetable developing in 30 days for harvest. Tomatoes are another plant started from transplants; the approximate time for harvest from transplant is 65 days. Summer squash takes about 50 days to mature for harvest, winter squash takes double that time. Corn matures in 60 to 90 days for harvest.