During the 1930s, children did not have the clothes or resources that kids do today. Throughout the Depression some children had to leave school and go to work. Often, there was not enough money for books, clothes or other school needs. But kids in the 1930s were much less style-conscious because many children wore old or remade clothes to school. Hand-me-downs were also very common. Movies were popular but the only star to influence children's clothing was Shirley Temple.
Dressing for School
When children went to school in the 1930s, they mostly wore what they had. Usually kids had about three sets of clothing: one each for school, play and special occasions. In rural areas, some children wore overalls and came to school barefoot. As is often the case today, children in private schools wore uniforms. Family members made kids clothes from feed sacks or altered worn adult clothes. In winter children wore wool coats and felt hats with chinstraps.
Most 1930s girls wore dresses or blouses with puffed sleeves and skirts to school. Black Mary Janes were popular shoes and girls wore knee or ankle socks instead of long stockings. They occasionally wore pinafores but middy blouses were more popular. When Shirley Temple wore short dresses in her films they became popular for little girls. Gym clothes were called tunics (sometimes called gym slips), which looked like a loose jumper with a wide bib. American girls began to wear trousers and shorts for play, but not for school.
The biggest change in boys' school clothes for the 1930s was the disappearance of the knickers. Young boys still wore them and sometimes they were made from cut-down men's trousers. Short trousers for older boys were phased out and kids began wearing jeans or corduroy trousers. They also stopped wearing knee socks, though argyle socks became popular as commercial knitting techniques improved. Boys wore sneakers for play but were not allowed to wear them to school. Many boys wore flat-topped caps but in winter they wore hats with ear flaps.
Teens were more inclined to follow fads or wear adult clothes. Some had jobs that allowed them to buy their own clothes. Teenage girls wore saddle shoes, big skirts and baggy sweaters. Sometimes they wore moccasins with no socks. They wore their hair in finger waves, which were small, tight waves set close to the head. High school boys wore double-breasted suit jackets and long trousers. Their hair was simply cut short and parted on the side. Teenagers also latched onto the argyle sock fad.