Preschoolers are naturally curious and excited to learn about marine life. One of the most successful ways to teach them about sharks is through memorable activities. Reading picture books, offering sorting and classification activities, playing shark games, and going on field trips are some activities that will help preschoolers learn basic facts about sharks.
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Share both fiction and nonfiction picture books about sharks with preschoolers. Read nonfiction books that detail shark life, habitats and behaviour. "Sharks" by Roger Priddy is an example of a picture book that features shark facts for preschoolers. Fiction books about sharks may be a helpful tool for children who are afraid of sharks. Read a fiction picture book about a friendly shark such as "Smiley Shark" by Ruth Galloway. After reading the books to the students, discuss the book's facts and pictures with the class.
Field trips enhance and extend class themes. A field trip to an aquarium will help preschoolers learn about sharks and their environments through hands-on learning and discovery. Preschoolers will enjoy live shark exhibits. A museum of natural science is another field trip option. The students will have the chance to see fossil and modern shark specimens. Afterward, ask the preschoolers to use paper and crayons to draw pictures of what they saw on the field trip.
Sorting and Counting
A shark-sorting activity will foster classification skills. Trace pairs of sharks in various sizes on felt. Cut out the sharks and place them randomly on an activity table. Encourage preschoolers to sort the individual sharks into pairs. Next, children can place the pairs on a felt board. Encourage children to count the number of pairs of sharks. The students can also arrange the sharks in order by size.
Play shark bingo with the students. Use a standard bingo card with letters, numbers or shapes. Provide small plastic sharks that children will use to cover the corresponding letters, numbers or shapes on the bingo card as they are called. The first child to cover five squares with shark markers wins. Alternatively, play shark bingo blackout. In a game of blackout, all of the squares on the bingo card must be marked with a shark to win.
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