Teaching the future perfect verb tense to ESL students can be challenging because it is not often used, even by native English speakers. It's best to teach the tense to advanced students with a firm grasp on verb conjugation and form. However, with a variety of exercise, encouragement and tons of practices, your students will be able to grasp future perfect.
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Goal Setting Exercise
The future perfect tense is used to express activity that will be completed before a future event, time or activity. It has three major components: subject + will have + past participle. A great and fun exercise is to have your students express, using the future perfect, future goals or hopes; for example, "By the year 2012, I will have learnt to speak English well." This exercise has two major benefits: it will help your students to set goals in English, and to practice the future perfect in a creative manner that directly impacts their lives.
No matter how cliché this may sound, when it comes to English grammar practice truly does make perfect. As a homework assignment, direct your students to a variety of online resources that offer grammar tests, available in resources. Websites such as learnenglishfeelgood.com and allenglish.org offer a variety of tests that give immediate feedback upon completion. Next class, take up the tests you have assigned with your class to give your students an opportunity to ask any questions.
Fill in the Blank
Write a variety of sentences using the future perfect and eliminate crucial aspects such as the subject, verb and past participle, and have your students fill in the blank. This can be made either an individual assignment or a class activity. This is a great way to reinforce lessons taught, and offers additional practice. It's also a great way to show your students the effectiveness of the future prefect by using it in a variety of forms.
Crystal Ball Exercise
Bring a crystal into the classroom and have your students predict each other's future. Depending on how many crystal balls you bring to the classroom, this can be either a group exercise or a class activity. It's a great way to break up the slower pace of some of the other activities mentioned above and it's fun. It encourages your students to use the future perfect in a creative manner and to get to know their classmates better.
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