According to the UK census of March 2011, the population of the UK on March 27 of that year was around 63,182,000. The UK is ranked number twenty-two in the list of the most populated nations on the planet. The density of population within the UK is more than 670 people per square mile. The population of the UK is growing on a yearly basis. Unfortunately, overpopulation can provoke significant unemployment. In 2013, unemployment in the UK stands at around 2.5 million. There are a number of causes of overpopulation that can lead to unemployment.
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More people and fewer jobs
The population of the UK is steadily increasing. That increase shows no signs of stopping. Government census figures demonstrate that in 1981 the population of the UK was around 56 million. By 1991, that figure was 57 million. Ten years later it was approximately 59 million. Today it stands at roughly 63 million. That is an increase of more than 7 million in just three decades. In 2010 alone, the number of births was 2.4 percent higher than in 2009. As the population of the country grows, so does the increasing need for more and more people to find work. Growing numbers of people, during a significant economic downturn, can result in increased unemployment figures.
Living longer and healthier
The major causes of overpopulation in the UK are advances in science and medicine. The lifespan of the average UK citizen has significantly increased in recent years. In the last half a century, the lifespan for a man has advanced by 10 years. For women, the figure is an extra 8 years. Today, the average lifespan for a man in the UK is 77 years. For a woman, it's 82. This makes an overall average of 79. When a population not only increases in number, but lives longer and healthier than ever before, the competition for limited numbers of jobs can be fierce.
The European Union
An important factor that plays a major role in overpopulation and unemployment in the UK is migration. In 2004, the European Union was significantly enlarged. In May of that year, Poland became a member of the EU. At the same time, regulations governing the restrictions of workers from overseas in the UK were eased. The combined result of these three factors was that many Poles quickly moved to the UK to find work. Thus, a growing population of UK citizens found itself competing for work with a sudden influx of large numbers of Polish citizens. Those Poles added even more numbers to the UK population.
A growing nation
UK Home Office figures show that between 2004 and 2007, no less than 650,000 non-UK citizens moved to the UK to find work. Of those, around 400,000 came from Poland. Today, more than 1 percent of the UK population has Polish as its first language. An increase in the lifespan and health of the average UK citizen is a very good thing. Providing assistance to other citizens in the European Union to find work is a positive step, too. However, when those two issues are combined -- in an era of economic uncertainty -- unemployment for growing numbers of people in the UK is near-inevitable.
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